Introducing SIA - Sensitisation
In a conventional approach industrial areas and parks are regarded as a location where small and large industries accumulate. In providing land, basic utilities and sometimes incentives, industry is attracted to invest. The primary intention of the park’s administration or developers is to sell or rent the available plots to interested companies. In the majority of cases, there is no plan or preferences regarding the type of company, industry sector or production process to be settled in the park.
Intending to establish sustainable industrial areas (SIA) the involved local administrations, park developers or park management units need to be sensitised regarding the new approach of the SIA concept which bases on a different management model. It requires the networking of companies to establish circular economy loops, the development of a common code of conduct in particular on environmental and social issues and a different mode of interaction with the local public.
New management model:
The administration or park management needs to develop a business like behaviour. When operating a sustainable industrial area a pro-active service orientation based on an intensive stakeholder dialogue and participation is required. In facilitating networks within the area, but also with neighbouring industry, energy and resource efficiency should increase. If conflicts evolve among the companies in the park or with the local municipality or population the management acts as moderator and mediator. The local community is permanently informed about the development of the park and community participation is enhanced. Strict monitoring of environmental, occupational health and safety issues as well as possible risks resulting from the industrial operations shall minimise negative impacts.
Common Code of Conduct:
The industrial areas approach towards sustainability is laid down in a common Code of Conduct. This may be a "Sustainability Statement" or "Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) Charter", which has to be monitored for example by Key Performance Indicators (KPI). In signing this document the companies of the park agree to comply with minimum requirements regarding cooperation of companies in the park, environmental protection, occupational health and safety standards, participation with local community and to obey given rules and regulations. Companies and management have to understand that this is not only a burden but also a convincing argument for marketing on a competitive market.
Forming company networks inside and beyond the park premises result in symbiotic structures which have advantages for the individual company (access to knowhow, facilities, customers, raw material). This will also increase energy and resource efficiency of the entire park. New investors in the park are selected in a way that they fit into the existing supply or product chains or close gaps in circular economy loops. This requires a certain degree of transparency and trust among the companies for which they have to be sensitised.
Transparency and community participation:
Successful industrial areas need the acceptance of the local community, they are embedded in. This requires from the park management and the companies in the park to adopt certain transparency rules and the openness for community participation. The community in return needs to understand the benefits they receive from the industrial area and that its management does its best to minimise risks and negative impacts for the local population.
To sensitise the various stakeholders for eco-(sustainable) industrial development and areas various instruments, tools and documents are available.
The Advanced Training Program aims to support wet processing plants in China and Bangladesh in establishing detox-compliant chemical management. The program was initiated by Tchibo GmbH, Rewe Group and GIZ within the develoPPP.de program of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development and in cooperation with the Partnership for Sustainable Textiles.
The Training aims to provide the knowledge and practical skillset required to replace hazardous chemicals in the wet processing units in a comprehensible way.
The Advanced Training Program is a combination of classroom training and on-site visits. Target of the classroom trainings is to raise awareness and teach general knowledge on the subject. During the factory visits, consultants will then further introduce the program, identify gaps between the operations and best practices, develop a management action plan with the factory and consult on any challenges regarding the implementation. Incorporated into the training is also a train the trainers scheme which helps to increase chemical management capacity in the region. The complete training program will run over approximately 12 months from kick-off to completion.
The content of the training materials are based on the GIZ Resource Efficient Management of Chemicals" (REMC) Toolkit and closely follow the recommended structure and content of the Zero Discharge of Hazardous Chemicals (ZDHC) Chemical Management System Guidelines. Currently, the training materials are available in English, Chinese and Bengali.
Principles of cleaner production may be applied to processes, products and services with the objective of increasing overall efficiency and reduce risks to humans and the environment. Cleaner Production Clubs (CPC) focus on the respective principles. For companies participating in CPC, the basics of cleaner production are adapted to their individual needs.
Driving force for the establishment of CPCs is a win-win approach. Participants benefit from mutual backing while exchanging experiences on production activities. Expected economic benefits and reduced environmental pollution motivate the involved companies to participate in collective arrangements which are expected to lead to improved production activities on the level of the enterprises as well as improved living and working conditions in and around industrial areas.
The tool helps to increase human resource capacities and capabilities, fosters the exchange of experiences, creates synergies, gains cost savings, increases performance and profit, and reduces the environmental impact.
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) is the commitment of the private sector to social concerns beyond legal requirements. This can be either company-internal commitment (employees’ welfare) or in the social environment of the enterprise (community relations). Ideally, CSR is implemented in the area of business operation.
Sustainable development in Industrial Areas requires an integrated approach towards stimulating economic growth, embedding environmental protection and economic development in a stable and prosperous social environment. Well-developed CSR projects enhance community relations, ease conflict potential, enable communal service providers / communal small businesses to meet industrial park requirements and support the capacity building of more employable local workforce.
Capacity Development is the basis for a proactive strategy requiring a collaborative effort for on-site emergency plans of the corporate sector, the civil society, first regulators, and planning and supervisory administrative units.
The Human Resource Development Programme in industrial Disaster Risk Management in India (HRDP iDRM), and the Human Capacity Development Programme Environmental Planning and Disaster Risk Management (EPDRM) produced a series of standalone training modules covering the key topics of industrial disaster risk management and response.
APELL is a process designed by UNEP to identify and create awareness of hazards and risks, to initiate measures for risk reduction, accident prevention and mitigation, and to develop coordinated preparedness among the local industry, authorities and population.
APELL is a coordinated planning process that has two parallel and complementary objectives:
- Creating a dialogue about hazards, risks, capabilities and plans involving all Stakeholders, leading to consensus on responsibilities and expectations for all community members;
- Allowing a community to increase its resilience (the ability to recover from incidents) and reduce its vulnerability (susceptibility to damaging effects of a hazard) by building local capacity for multi-stakeholder responses and enabling open dialogue, building mutual understanding, and leveraging the existing resources in an effective way.
EQuIP is a highly innovative programme that empowers governments to effectively design Industrial Policies (IP) through on-the-job coaching and knowledge transfer.
The EQuIP toolbox contains simple and intuitive analytical tools, based on a set of indicators, which can help policymakers in lower income countries to address important strategic questions, such as how to:
move from an agrarian to an industrial economy
diversify the economy
create more jobs in industry
promote the greening of industry
reduce poverty through industry
With the fundamental objective of capacity development, this toolbox has been operationalized through the development of training manuals, course materials on the different methodologies and an online platform which provides free global access to the toolbox.
Ultimately, the EQuIP diagnostic toolbox, together with the accompanying training and capacity building package, aims to support industrial policy practitioners to undertake a thorough industrial diagnosis and to design evidence-based strategies for inclusive and sustainable industrial development.
See that attached handbook for an overview of what EQuIP is and how it works. See also the EQuIP website for further information (www.equip-project.org).
On the eve of the World Environment Day, the Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation Ltd. (APllC), in technical cooperation with GIZ (IGEP), initiated the one month long (from 5th June to 5th July 2013) "Industrial Environmental Improvement Drive" (IEID) in about 75 selected Industrial Parks of APIIC spread across all 15 zones in Andhra Pradesh. The month long IEID took place in 2014 in about 58 selected Industrial Parks of APIIC spread across all its 8 zones in Andhra Pradesh. In 2016 it was organised by the Vapi Industries Association together with the Gujarat Pollution Control Board, the Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation, the Notified Area Authority, the Vapi Green Enviro Ltd. and the Lions Club of Vapi.
The industrial sector is a key driver of India’s impressive economic growth and, well-aware of the current environmental challenges, the Indian government and the industrial sector are giving much attention to sustainable development.
With this focus, the government and the industry have applied the Eco Industrial Development approach in the Indian context. It is seen that on the industrial park level, the challenge of Eco Industrial Development can be tackled by developing new as well as by transforming existing parks into Eco Industrial Parks.
The publication on Pathway to Eco Industrial Development in India effectively highlights various areas of work with specific examples of the achievements in sustainable development.
Role and simulation games are efficient instruments to make training more lively and participatory and to better understand a complex context.
GIZ supported the development of two such games dealing with the context of sustainable industrial areas.
Industropia is a role game in which participants learn about sustainability aspects of industrial areas. The game simulates a situation in which different stakeholders of an industrial area come together to sketch a sustainability concept for retrofitting and enlargement of their site. The game is supplemented by the presence of investors which are looking for industrial areas to locate their businesses. The game is based on the experience of the GIZ Sustainable Industrial Area Working Group which emerged from the sector network TUEWAS.
Game of Zones is a learning game based on the German Sustainable Building Council (DGNB) rating system for industrial sites applied in India. The objective of the game is to learn about the different sustainability concepts, identify synergies across categories and to discuss the concepts in a team and between groups. Recently the game was amended with a component for planning adaptation of existing industrial parks to the impacts of climate change.
The project on “Qualification of Key Actors on Energy Efficiency in the Building Sector”, or simply KABEE project, aims to support China’s path towards a low carbon urban development by providing key actors in Chinese cities with German know-how and experiences through training. One of the training modules (Module 6) focuses on German experiences on energy efficiency gains in urban key sectors through eco-industrial parks.