Introducing SIA - Analysis


When starting to promote sustainable industrial development or to assist industrial parks in their various stages of development, it is important to understand the status quo of industrial areas in the country and the local political, economic, environmental and social framework conditions guiding SIA development. This requires an analysis/baseline study of the most important aspects. Ideally, this analysis has to be carried out in a participatory way involving all relevant stakeholders.

GIZ expertise

GIZ and its partners developed several tools, guidelines and recommendations for investigating the framework conditions for establishing sustainable industrial areas.

  • Baseline Analysis Tool

    A[PB1] viable baseline of industrial parks is an essential prerequisite for planning and implementation of any retrofitting or upgrading measures related to sustainable and/or climate resilient industrial areas.

    The baseline information is required:

    • to identify hot-spots for action;

    • to document the evolution of the indicators of the measures / the project and provide pieces of evidence of progress and achievements;

    • to provide information for new policies and support the monitoring of the sector.


    The baseline analysis tool serves as a guideline for this process and provides the information required. The baseline analysis focuses on the industrial park and the relevant authority as core area while for some specific issues the neighbouring communities as well as environmental officers or environmental authorities are to be included.




  • Site Assessment

    For siting of industries economic factors, such as availability of raw materials, market for finished product, transportation networks, water supply, electricity, labour availability etc., the environmental factors, such as possible adverse effects on biodiversity, natural resources, and ecosystem services, exposure to climate hazards and short- as well as long-term impacts of climate change, and social factors need to be considered.

    The industries are to be benchmarked by the degree of pollution potential. Relating their degree of potential risk with the distance to site sensitivities, the suitable sites can be found. To make the tool cost effective, the assessments are undertaken at regional level followed by at site level. The regional level or macro level studies eliminate unsuitable areas and identify potential alternate sites/zones for which detailed micro level studies are then conducted to arrive at the best suitable site.

    The best practice examples and manuals from India help to apply guidelines to take environmental aspects into account when setting up new industrial parks. Thus, environmental regulatory authorities are specially addressed.

    Consideration of climate change aspects (Climate Risk Assessment) is presented in more detail in the Climate Change Section.


  • Sustainable Management of industrial areas (SMIA, GedZI, ProCAIS)

    Sustainable Management of Industrial Areas (SMIA, GedZI (French), ProCAIS (Spanish)) is an innovative approach to systematically improve the sustainable management of industrial areas (IA) promoting and supporting the development of resilient Industrial Areas. Industrial areas applying SMIA aim at fostering Green and Inclusive Economy

    • by increasing competitiveness through efficient use of both, non-renewable and renewable resources;

    • by generating green and decent jobs;

    • by minimising environmental and climate impact, as well as risks; and

    • by continuously improving the overall efficiency of management and cooperation structures.

    Thus, SMIA contributes to the SDG goal 9 “Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure” and to climate-resilient, sustainable development.

    The original method applied in 2006 by e-Parc, France, UNEP-IE Paris, and PREMAnet-GIZ drew on the combination of three well established and widely used and cost-effective methods and tools, i.e. PREMA© (, APELL and Eco-mapping.

    Since then, the original concept has been profoundly modified, enlarged and enhanced during applications in Tunisia (ReCapZI, CCP-RAC), Indonesia (GIZ-EU), Ghana (GIZ-PREMAnet-CAD), Peru (GIZ) and Mexico (GIZ). SMIA 4.0 version integrates more comprehensively climate change and biodiversity aspects, thus enhancing the resilience perspective (Sustainable Management of Resilient Industrial Areas SMaresIA).

    A French language version (GedZI – Gestion durable des Zones Industrielles) specifically considering the situation in Tunisa was developed by GIZ ReCapZI.

    A Spanish version (ProCAIS – Programa de Competitividad de Áreas Industriales a través de la Sustentabilidad) specifically consider the situation in Mexico was developed by GIZ PGAU II.