Operating SIA - Resource efficiency
A growing population and an increased industrialisation are the reasons for worldwide accelerated resource consumption. In many countries, in particular in emerging economies, industrial areas are the motor of industrialisation and contribute significantly to the consumption of resources. Knowing that the natural resources of the world are limited solutions, have to be found to decouple economic growth from resource consumption. Measures of resource efficiency in industrial areas are an important step to lower resource consumption.
Renewable energy, energy efficiency and waste energy utilisation:
To save energy the normal public energy provision system needs to be upgraded with elements of renewable energy generation, energy efficiency measures and mechanism to reuse waste energy. While on company level the introduction of modern state-of-the-art production technologies will increase the energy efficiency of individual processes, on park level an efficient and resource saving energy generation and distribution system is needed.
Energy generation in the park should be based wherever possible on a mix of conventional fuels, renewable energy sources and waste-to-energy plants. It should be supplemented by utilising waste energy, heat and steam coming from the park companies. Also it should include co-generation and trigeneration, if economically viable. This requires of course an integrated electricity, gas and steam distribution network operated by a single entity, ideally the park management company.
To encourage energy saving and energy efficiency on company level, energy efficiency networks (EEN) can be formed. In exchanging their experiences companies are motivated and assisted to implement energy savings and efficiency measures.
Industrial symbiosis and circular economy:
The management unit of an SIA assists the efforts of companies to increase their resource efficiency by giving advice and support on resource efficient technologies and process optimisation. If possibilities to increase resource efficiency within a company are exploited, major additional gains are achieved by networking with other companies in the industrial area and beyond. Therefore, networks for industrial symbiosis need to be introduced to establish circular economy in the park.
For that purpose, it is necessary to channel information about the material flows in the park, identify possibilities of sharing products, by-products, water, waste or energy as well as services or utilities. A database is needed on park level giving the in- and outputs of the companies and the goods, by-products, energy, water and waste which could be exchanged. During network meetings organised by the park management the companies are encouraged and advised on exchange opportunities. On park level, the entire investment and marketing policy of the park should promote industrial symbiosis and resource efficiency in attracting relevant sectors or companies who could close supply chains or circular economy loops.
GIZ gained various experiences in fostering energy and resource efficiency and developed respective tools.
The Advanced Training Program aims to support wet processing plants in China and Bangladesh in establishing detox-compliant chemical management. The program was initiated by Tchibo GmbH, Rewe Group and GIZ within the develoPPP.de program of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development and in cooperation with the Partnership for Sustainable Textiles.
The Training aims to provide the knowledge and practical skillset required to replace hazardous chemicals in the wet processing units in a comprehensible way.
The Advanced Training Program is a combination of classroom training and on-site visits. Target of the classroom trainings is to raise awareness and teach general knowledge on the subject. During the factory visits, consultants will then further introduce the program, identify gaps between the operations and best practices, develop a management action plan with the factory and consult on any challenges regarding the implementation. Incorporated into the training is also a train the trainers scheme which helps to increase chemical management capacity in the region. The complete training program will run over approximately 12 months from kick-off to completion.
The content of the training materials are based on the GIZ Resource Efficient Management of Chemicals" (REMC) Toolkit and closely follow the recommended structure and content of the Zero Discharge of Hazardous Chemicals (ZDHC) Chemical Management System Guidelines. Currently, the training materials are available in English, Chinese and Bengali.
The Basic Training Module for Chemical Management is a one-day training aimed at decision makers and the middle management who are responsible for production in textile factories containing wet processing units. The target of the training is to create awareness and promote basic knowledge about sound chemical management in textile supply chains, with a focus on the wet processes. It, thereby, should also be seen as a preparation for potential more advanced follow-up trainings. Because of this introducing character, the training might be also of interest to employees from brands who are responsible for compliance, quality assurance, or purchase.
The training is structured in a modular fashion, consisting of six modules covering all relevant aspects of the textile environmental and chemical management. Depending of the context and specific needs, it is, therefore, possible to exclude certain modules from the training. While the total time of the training should not exceed one day, a broader impact can be achieved by targeting important multiplier and first-tier producers.
The trainings are held in a classroom format and also include practical examples and exercise to engage the participants. Covered topics are chemical management systems, international compliance frameworks, occupational safety, and also wastewater and sludge treatment. Excluded are the subjects of gaseous emissions, treatment of solid waste and climate change.
The document describes clean and resource-efficient production as including all measures aimed at improving the input-output relation of material, water and energy-consuming processes and at mitigating the adverse environmental impacts resulting from these processes. Measures of this kind are economically beneficial to companies, making them more profitable and boosting their competitiveness, especially under the current trend of rising raw material and energy prices.
EQuIP is a highly innovative programme that empowers governments to effectively design Industrial Policies (IP) through on-the-job coaching and knowledge transfer.
The EQuIP toolbox contains simple and intuitive analytical tools, based on a set of indicators, which can help policymakers in lower income countries to address important strategic questions, such as how to:
move from an agrarian to an industrial economy
diversify the economy
create more jobs in industry
promote the greening of industry
reduce poverty through industry
With the fundamental objective of capacity development, this toolbox has been operationalized through the development of training manuals, course materials on the different methodologies and an online platform which provides free global access to the toolbox.
Ultimately, the EQuIP diagnostic toolbox, together with the accompanying training and capacity building package, aims to support industrial policy practitioners to undertake a thorough industrial diagnosis and to design evidence-based strategies for inclusive and sustainable industrial development.
See that attached handbook for an overview of what EQuIP is and how it works. See also the EQuIP website for further information (www.equip-project.org).
The overall objective is to use environment friendly technologies and techniques is promoted in selected industry sectors, particularly from small and medium enterprises (SMEs). This core topic has a focus on textiles, and pulp and paper sectors.
FOM is a “methodological hybrid” bringing together the strength of two management philosophies: Constraint Management (Theory of Constraints – TOC) ensures that improvement efforts focus on the bottlenecks restraining the productivity and profitability of the whole company. Lean Management principles are applied then to detect resource efficiency savings, focusing on waste reduction along the production process and supply chain.
On the eve of the World Environment Day, the Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation Ltd. (APllC), in technical cooperation with GIZ (IGEP), initiated the one month long (from 5th June to 5th July 2013) "Industrial Environmental Improvement Drive" (IEID) in about 75 selected Industrial Parks of APIIC spread across all 15 zones in Andhra Pradesh. The month long IEID took place in 2014 in about 58 selected Industrial Parks of APIIC spread across all its 8 zones in Andhra Pradesh. In 2016 it was organised by the Vapi Industries Association together with the Gujarat Pollution Control Board, the Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation, the Notified Area Authority, the Vapi Green Enviro Ltd. and the Lions Club of Vapi.
On May 28, 2015, Jiangsu Provincial Circular Economy Public Service Platform has officially been online. Suzhou Environmental Energy Exchange as a market operator, will enrich resources for circular economy enterprises, implement the service policy, and promote the system establishment and development for Jiangsu Industrial Symbiosis project. The main functions includes news release, resource sharing and background management.
So far GIZ implemented several projects in China promoting concepts of industrial symbiosis. The tool presents a series of case studies and best practice examples generated by various projects.
Through systematic integration of the non-product output (NPO) perspective and of environmental aspects in the company's management, the PREMA® concept and its instruments aim at achieving a triple win: improvement of economic competitiveness through cost savings, reduction of environmental impact through more effective use of raw materials as well as sustainable implementation of improvements through organisational learning, including improvement of workplace safety.