Operating SIA - Climate change
Climate change is already showing its adverse effects in many parts of the world. Storms, flooding and extreme weather events in general are expected to occur more frequently in the future. Remedies to climate change are distinguished into mitigation and adaptation actions which are equally important. While climate mitigation actions focus on measures to reduce the emission of climate-damaging greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions at company or industrial park level, climate adaptation actions aim to better cope with the consequences of climate change. Through adaptation actions industrial parks can increase their resilience against the consequences of climate changes, e.g. droughts, water scarcity, storms, floodings.
Mitigation of climate change:
Mitigation of climate change requires the introduction of measures to reduce GHG emissions. For that purpose the park management in dialogue with the companies on site needs to develop a strategy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from energy provision, operation of industries, transport of goods and people, waste generation and treatment. Starting with an assessment of the status quo measures should be developed introducing best available technologies. Decision makers need to be informed about available technical and financing options.
Adaptation to climate change:
For the adaptation to climate change, capacity development is required to introduce climate resilient planning and policy development. This planning has to deal with shrinking water resources and extreme weather conditions which could result in natural disasters. The possible consequences of climate change should therefore be incorporated into the risk management plans of companies and the entire park. Based on a risk analysis, sensitisation and capacity development needs to take place to mainstream awareness on all levels and to actively consider adaptation measures in planning and implementation of new parks as well as in retrofitting of existing industrial areas.
GIZ has experiences in both, climate change mitigation and adaptation actions from projects around the world. There are several tools available dealing in particular with climate change mitigation and adaptation.
This case study was developed under the GIZ global programme “Private Sector Adaptation to Climate Change (PSACC)” which aims at building the capacities of SMEs and private sector intermediaries in the field of Climate Change Adaptation. It presents the results of the vulnerability assessment conducted with the industrial zone of Ait Melloul. The Ait Melloul industrial zone (Ait Melloul IZ) was created in 1988 in the commune of Ait Melloul a nearby locality of Agadir in the Souss- Massa region, one of the most climate vulnerable regions of Morocco with a semi-arid climate. As the adaptation strategy is still under discussion, this case will be revised in the course of the project.
A[PB1] viable baseline of industrial parks is an essential prerequisite for planning and implementation of any retrofitting or upgrading measures related to sustainable and/or climate resilient industrial areas.
The baseline information is required:
to identify hot-spots for action;
to document the evolution of the indicators of the measures / the project and provide pieces of evidence of progress and achievements;
to provide information for new policies and support the monitoring of the sector.
The baseline analysis tool serves as a guideline for this process and provides the information required. The baseline analysis focuses on the industrial park and the relevant authority as core area while for some specific issues the neighbouring communities as well as environmental officers or environmental authorities are to be included.
The Climate Expert entails a practical four-step approach and working materials that help companies as well as industrial park managers analyse climate change risks and opportunities and generate strong adaptation strategies. It was developed by GIZ. It also addresses consultants and experts who want to support the private sector in adapting to climate change.
The Climate Expert also provides training programmes, materials and resources for consultants, business associations, chambers of commerce, industrial zone managers and other experts who wish to engage with SMEs on climate change adaptation.
The guide is a practical manual for Industrial Zone Managers to help them develop an Adaptation Strategy in a participative process. The guide gives in-depth information concerning the topic of Climate change and adaptation, and enables them to do a quick assessment of their vulnerability to the impacts of climate change and to develop an adaptation strategy. The guide furthermore provides recommendations on how to integrate Adaptation into the management activities and service offer of an industrial zone, and how to raise awareness about the topic among their enterprises. Methodologies, analytical frameworks, best cases and further references are provided, as well as recommendations based on the project experience in Morocco. It is available in French.
This case study was developed under the GIZ global programme “Private Sector Adaptation to Climate Change (PSACC)” which aims at building the capacities of SMEs and the private sector in the field of Climate Change Adaptation. PSACC developed the climate risk management tool “Climate Expert” (www.climate-expert.org). This case study focuses on AVEIRO, a fish processing company founded in 1946 and based in Agadir in the semi-arid region of Souss-Massa.
The Corporate Climate Change Strategies Training Toolkit is aimed at developing the capacities of management within industrial parks and companies regarding climate change related issues. Its objective is to enable the development of a corporate strategy for addressing climate change related challenges and opportunities.
The training module on Corporate Climate Change Strategies (3CS) was developed in the framework of the CoSMIC - Corporate Sustainability Management in Indian Companies Program. CoSMIC is a GIZ program financed by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation (BMZ), Germany.
The 3Cs training toolkit aims at supporting companies to better address GHG emissions and Climate Change issues in their organization by:
- Highlighting the benefits of GHG / CO2 mitigation and new business opportunities
- Introducing the background and international obligations and commitments related to Climate Change
- Enabling the companies to monitor their GHG emissions
- Assisting them in designing concrete actions and a Corporate Climate Change Strategy
Capacity Development is the basis for a proactive strategy requiring a collaborative effort for on-site emergency plans of the corporate sector, the civil society, first regulators, and planning and supervisory administrative units.
The Human Resource Development Programme in industrial Disaster Risk Management in India (HRDP iDRM), and the Human Capacity Development Programme Environmental Planning and Disaster Risk Management (EPDRM) produced a series of standalone training modules covering the key topics of industrial disaster risk management and response.
APELL is a process designed by UNEP to identify and create awareness of hazards and risks, to initiate measures for risk reduction, accident prevention and mitigation, and to develop coordinated preparedness among the local industry, authorities and population.
APELL is a coordinated planning process that has two parallel and complementary objectives:
- Creating a dialogue about hazards, risks, capabilities and plans involving all Stakeholders, leading to consensus on responsibilities and expectations for all community members;
- Allowing a community to increase its resilience (the ability to recover from incidents) and reduce its vulnerability (susceptibility to damaging effects of a hazard) by building local capacity for multi-stakeholder responses and enabling open dialogue, building mutual understanding, and leveraging the existing resources in an effective way.
EQuIP is a highly innovative programme that empowers governments to effectively design Industrial Policies (IP) through on-the-job coaching and knowledge transfer.
The EQuIP toolbox contains simple and intuitive analytical tools, based on a set of indicators, which can help policymakers in lower income countries to address important strategic questions, such as how to:
move from an agrarian to an industrial economy
diversify the economy
create more jobs in industry
promote the greening of industry
reduce poverty through industry
With the fundamental objective of capacity development, this toolbox has been operationalized through the development of training manuals, course materials on the different methodologies and an online platform which provides free global access to the toolbox.
Ultimately, the EQuIP diagnostic toolbox, together with the accompanying training and capacity building package, aims to support industrial policy practitioners to undertake a thorough industrial diagnosis and to design evidence-based strategies for inclusive and sustainable industrial development.
See that attached handbook for an overview of what EQuIP is and how it works. See also the EQuIP website for further information (www.equip-project.org).
Guideline for Adaptation and Increasing Resilience of Industrial Parks to the Impacts of Climate Change
The Ministry of Commerce and Industry (GoI), the Departments of Industries and Commerce of the then Govt. of Andhra Pradesh and APIIC along with GIZ took a decision in the year 2013 to take up the project of “Adaptation to Climate Change in Industrial Areas in India” to address the challenges of climate change with a focus on Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.
During the course of the project, both, APIIC and TSIIC may adopt a policy to make existing and upcoming industrial areas in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana State, India, more climate resilient. The aim of this guideline is to anchor the consideration of Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) in the planning process of new industrial areas, as well as in further development and refurbishment of existing ones.